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On Sept. 28, Taliban forces swiftly captured the provincial capital, Kunduz city and managed to hold the city for three days. A major cause of the capture was the unpreparedness of Afghan forces, who mostly fled the provincial capital as the Taliban were moving close to the city. According to some experts the local population prefers Taliban over provincial or federal government. Although majority of Afghans...

For the past few decades, the world has witnessed much change in the international political and diplomatic system. Throughout history, traditional diplomacy has been characterised as a business by men, for men, and a typical diplomat was always pictured as a male diplomat. This stereotype has remained a source of major difficulties for women aspiring to enter the field of international relations and diplomatic services...


The advancement of military technology and sophisticated weapons and missiles, gave birth to unprecedented threats to international peace and security. By the end of cold war, the spread of missiles and nuclear technology posed new challenges to world peace. To address apprehensions and roll back this trend, the Group of Seven (G-7) initiated the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). With the aim to halt the proliferation of nuclear weapons, ballistic missiles...

Media campaign has always been a vital tool of ISIS propaganda all over the world and the group's sophisticated and skilled media department uses well-planned strategy to target local and worldwide audience. The group has developed capability to publish their own magazines, newspapers, pamphlets and widely use internet (especially social networking websites) to propagate their ideas and goals. The ISIS also skillfully uses media to legitimize their authority...

Al-Qaeda and ISIS have maintained closer ties for almost a decade, until Al-Qaeda leadership disowned the ISIS in February 2014. Originally ISIS operated under the banner of Al-Qaeda in Iraq; however the restrictions imposed by Al-Qaeda on its Iraq franchise led to the split within the network. Initially after the split, Al-Qaeda attempted to resolve its dispute with ISIS, however these efforts failed as ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi directly challenged...



ISIS is not only the world’s best-funded but also among the best armed terrorist organization. The group controls territory in Iraq and Syria and also operates in areas of the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia with the aim to establish itself as a Caliphate. ISIS has been designated as a terrorist organization by many Western and Muslim countries and more than 60 countries are directly or indirectly waging war...


Like all organizations, money matters to ISIS. ISIS heavily relies upon the revenue earned by oil production and criminal activities (including extortion, theft and plundering) for two main reasons: primarily to fund its soldiers (who number between 20,000 and 31,500 according to the CIA) and secondarily to act like a state and legitimize its authority in the eyes of citizens (by providing them with food, electricity and fuel). Unlike other terrorist organizations...